Twins are two offspring produced by the same pregnancy. In contrast, a fetus that develops alone in the womb is called a singleton , and the general term for one offspring of a multiple birth is multiple. The Yoruba peoples have the highest rate of twinning in the world, at 45—50 twin sets or 90— twins per 1, live births,    possibly because of high consumption of a specific type of yam containing a natural phytoestrogen which may stimulate the ovaries to release an egg from each side. In Central Africa , there are 18—30 twin sets or 36—60 twins per 1, live births.
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Are you a twin? And if so, do you know with confidence whether you are an identical or fraternal twin? Many parents rely on the results of an ultrasound. However, identical twins can also have separate placentas and amniotic sacs. Fraternal twins can have the appearance of having one placenta. A British study found many parents may be misinformed by parental scans.
Incest between twins
All pregnancies start when a sperm fertilises an egg. This forms twins. These twins are called fraternal twins, dizygotic twins meaning two zygotes or non-identical twins.
Every parent of twins faces the question "Are your twins identical or fraternal? Many think that being identical twins refers to how twins look and not how they form. Take a look at the biology that determines the sex combinations that are possible with identical and fraternal twins. The terms identical and fraternal don't describe what the twins look like, but actually how they form. Identical monozygotic twins are always of the same sex because they form from a single zygote fertilized egg that contains either male XY or female XX sex chromosomes.